What does a better motherboard do? Knowing the features of the motherboard is a must for any user who wants to build their PC with parts, or who wants to update their work tools. You should know what a better motherboard does. When choosing the best motherboard, it is important to know the elements such as the chipset, connection ports, PCI-Express slots, and storage. We present to you the elements that we consider to be of particular importance and will largely determine the final configuration and performance of your new PC.
We will always try to advise you when choosing these specifications, as their capacity will depend, for example, on the SSD we choose to buy and the amount and speed of RAM.
The role of motherboard in PC
Motherboards, mother cards, or motherboards in English, are a central element of any PC. Its function is to support and connect all the internal devices of the computer, be it desktop, laptop, or mobile. We say this because virtually any electronic device has a motherboard, although there is no doubt that the most complex thing is the computer.
Depending on the motherboard we have, the capacity of the devices will be more limited or not, both in terms of power and capability, because the components we can install will largely depend on it. That’s why we can classify motherboards based on their platform, referring to chipsets and CPU sockets, as these are basically the two most distinct elements. The motherboard depends on factors such as:
- RAM memory: 64GB, 128GB in both volumes, like DDR3 or DDR4 and its speed.
- CPU Socket: The socket is where the CPU, Intel, AMD, and compatible architectures of each connect.
- Number of storage drives and speeds: SATA III, NVMe PCIe and U2.
- Number of USB ports: The chip set will determine the capacity of USB 2.0, 3.0 and 3.1 ports and even Thunderbolt on the motherboard.
- Size: Size always matters, both in terms of hardware capacity and chassis space.
- Other elements: including network connectivity, sound card or BIOS, which is very important.
Motherboard features that you should know
If you want to buy a motherboard, at least you need to know and be aware of its key elements, because everything else will depend on them. For example, if the chipset on board does not support such an overlock, then it is useless to have a processor capable of overclocking. So pay attention to everything you see here.
VRM, chokes and power:
The key to buying a good motherboard is the power components. One part that many people always overlook is the motherboard’s power phase system. What this system does is provide the necessary power to the entire board, CPU, PCI slots, chipset, etc.
VRM stands for Voltage Regulator Module, and is made up of elements called chokes (choke coils). These elements, especially MOSFETs, regulate the voltage entering the plate as well as the intensity, stabilizing the peaks that still remain in the direct current from alternating current. Current boards have a digital power control that monitors voltage, temperature and more at all times to ensure the best quality of energy to feed the components. Technologies such as DIGI +, Ultra Durable or Military Class are cited in the main manufacturers.
There will also be important power connectors, which run from the power supply to the board, and are called EPS or CPU connectors. The board usually has between one and three of these connectors, with 6 or 8 pins. Always make sure you have enough EPS connectors in your power supply to power the board.
Cooling sensor and PWM control
All boards have multiple temperature sensors spread across PCB, self chip set, VRM, or PCI and DIMM slots. We include a PWM control system for fans that will allow us to know their TPM at all times. A self-contained motherboard should already have support for software that allows us to adjust the fan’s RPM, monitor the temperature and even adjust the voltage for overclocking. ۔ Systems boards like FanExpert or SpeedFan have PWM technologies.
LANES or PCI LANs
These are the physical lanes that are responsible for carrying information from the processor to other parts, either the graphics card or the RAM and USB ports. Each lane is a data lane that communicates one device with another, and in each of these lanes we have speeds of 250 MB / s in each direction, if it is a PCIe 1.0 slot, 500 MB / s If it’s PCIe 2.0 and 1 GB / s if it’s PCIe 3.0.
Both the CPU and the chipset have their own LANES, and always better, because the ability to transfer data will depend on them. On less powerful chip sets, these LANs are commonly shared, for example between SATA ports and PCI slots. This means that, if we connect the hard drive to a shared LANE with PCI, this slot will definitely stop working. We should therefore take a closer look at the specifications provided by the motherboard manufacturer to find out how these LANES are shared and thus purchase peripherals according to the limits.
Then we come to the part where we talk about the middle ground, the chip set. Also called Southbridge or Southbridge, it serves as the motherboard’s communications hub and data traffic controller. It is true that this chipset is not directly in charge of the data that circulates between RAM and CPU, for example, nor PCIe x16, but it does support many other transactions such as SATA storage, USB etc. Handles
Ultimately, it will also determine which components are compatible with the motherboard, RAM, CPU, graphics card, etc. Because it cares, for example, to allow the processor or RAM memory to overclock through BIOS functions.
The socket in the PCB is the basic thing, the CPU we can install on the board will depend on it, the available sockets will be from Intel and AMD as you can understand. So you’ve already seen the main sockets in the back, although it’s worth looking into them a little more.
- Intel LGA 1151: We get low, medium and advanced CPUs, which are most used by most users. This socket supports 8th and 9th generation Intel Core i3, i5, i7, i9 processors as well as Intel Celeron and Pentium Gold.
- Intel LGA 2066: For more powerful workstation-based processors, these are called Intel Core i7 X and XE.
- AMD AM4: For the AMD desktop Ryzen CPUs, which will be the most used, as it supports processors of all ranges, including AMD Athlon, Ryzen 3, 5 and 7. And soon Ryzen 3000.
- AMD TR4 – for 18-core and 32-core Ryzen Threadripper processors.
Well here comes this complete article on motherboard features that you should know when buying. As you can see, there are a lot of things that need to be taken care of, so make it easy and look at all the options.
There are people in this section who need a good team to work with, of course they may need to use modern graphic design program, video editing or large database management, which is called multitasking.